The Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Revolutionary Study Group is not affiliated with any party in the U.S. We advocate the development of a broad struggle against the U.S. capitalist system and government and the worldwide imperialist system as a whole; and the building of a dynamic and vibrant revolutionary movement that pays special attention to the political action and organization of the most exploited and oppressed sections of people in the U.S.
What does it mean to embark on, and wage a determined revolutionary struggle to stay on, the socialist road to communism? This comprehensive paper describes the sweep of the Cultural Revolution from 1966-1976; its theoretical foundations; its many achievements in the areas of culture, education, industry, agriculture and the liberation of women; the serious obstacles it faced and its shortcomings in a number of areas; and why future revolutionary movements and socialist states must stand on its shoulders. An extensive bibliography on the Cultural Revolution is included. (85 pages, March 2007)
Abbreviated version of "Evaluating the Cultural Revolution and its Legacy for the Future," presented at the forum on the Great Proletarian Revolution and Lessons for the Working Class Movement on April 1, 2007 in The Hague, Netherlands. (11 pages, April 2007)
All socialist states face a continuing, and at times acute, contradiction between the necessity of defending the socialist country--including through making agreements with imperialist and reactionary states--and the goal of promoting and supporting the world revolution. This paper examines how socialist China handled this tension during four periods between 1949 and 1976. It contrasts the strong internationalist support given to the Korean people and to the Vietnamese and other struggles for national liberation in the 1960s, with the development of bourgeois nationalist lines around the 1955 Bandung Conference and the reactionary "three worlds theory" of the early 1970s. This paper also takes on the view that nationalist governments and their leaders, not revolutionary people's movements, are the most important challenge to imperialism in the world today. (40 pages, January 2007)
The slaughter of more than one million Indonesian communists and supporters in a U.S.-backed military coup cannot be understood without examining the history of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) from the 1920s to the 1960s. This article, The Destruction of the Indonesian Communist Party in 1965 and the Road Not Taken, sheds new light on the PKI's politics, particularly the development of a revisionist political line that viewed the Indonesian state as having two aspects, progressive and reactionary. This line politically and militarily disarmed the revolutionary forces when US imperialism and General Suharto made a decisive move in October 1965, with tragic consequences for the Indonesian people. The analysis of these events provides some important lessons to communist and anti-imperialist forces worldwide, especially concerning countries where peaceful, electoral paths to socialism, or some variant, are being pursued.(33 pages, July 2007 -- Revised and updated, February 2013)
The Political, Military and Negotiating Strategies of the Chinese Communist Party (1937-1946) and Recent Developments in Nepal
The most germane experience in assessing recent developments in a semi-feudal, semi-colonial country like Nepal is the military and political strategy and tactics of the Chinese revolution. A close look at the CCP’s integrated political-military strategy and negotiating tactics from 1937-1946— which served to advance China’s protracted people’s war to final victory-- can yield important lessons for the revolution in Nepal and other countries, for how revolutionaries should be “firm as a pine and flexible as a willow." (February 2007, revised April 2009. 17 pp.)
MLM Revolutionary Study Group
April 4, 2010
The central question facing the Unified Communist Party of Nepal(Maoist) (UCPNM) is whether it can develop the political line, strategy and tactics to conquer state power and wield it in the service of the vast majority of the people of Nepal and the
This question has become the subject of discussion and debate throughout the world, ever since the Maoists in Nepal signed an agreement in 2006 to end their 10-year old people's war. Over the years of the people's war, the revolutionary forces had inspired people the world over, winning wave upon wave of victories and building both guerrilla zones and liberated areas which were beginning the work of a new society. The Peoples War in Nepal, it must be said, rekindled the spirit and hopes of revolution around the world. Their successes, winning nearly 80% of the territory of Nepal, had drawn such attention and acclaim that ending of the people's war with the peace agreements of 2006 came as a great surprise and shock to many.
The central question in Nepal today is state power and the means by which it can be conquered and wielded in the service of the overwhelming majority of the people of Nepal. Does the present unstable Maoist-led coalition government represent the beginnings of a process leading to socialism, and a beacon and valuable resource for the worldwide struggle against capitalism and imperialism? Or is a disorienting political strategy being implemented that is unprepared for the next challenge and is blocking further advance of the revolutionary process? (April 2009, 6 pp.)
May 16, 2009
In keeping with the importance of supporting the people's revolution in Nepal, we have been following the rapidly changing developments after the attempted sacking of General Katawal, Chief of Staff of the reactionary Nepalese Army, by the Maoist-led government. We have also been looking more closely at the statements by party leaders following the National Conference of the Unified CPN (Maoist) held in November 2008. Finally we have developed our views on the particular circumstances posed by the revolution in Nepal. We have decided to make some further comments that clarify, correct and elaborate upon our paper of April 4, 2009.
A Bibliography on the State, a Peaceful Transition to Socialism, Democracy and Dictatorship, Negotiations, and their Relevance to the International Communist Movement in the 21st Century (16 pages, January 2007)
A. A major document from CPI(Maoist) to UCPN(M). It is a significant contribution to the debate over the political line of the Maoists in Nepal.
“Open Letter to Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) from the Communist Party of India (Maoist)”, dated July 20, 2009.
B. Three statements by the CPI (Maoist) between 2006 and 2008 are relevant to a serious examination of the line and strategy of the CPN (Maoist): (April 2009, 22 pp)
- "There is a Need for Caution with the Present Tactics," an exclusive interview with CPI(Maoist) spokesperson on Nepal developments, August 6, 2006;
- Press Release: "A New Nepal Can Emerge Only by Smashing the Reactionary State," November 13, 2006;
- Press Release: "The Verdict in Nepal is a Verdict against Feudal Monarchy, Indian Expansionism and U.S. Imperialism," April 24, 2008.